Note: The information on cancer types on the ACRF website is not designed to provide medical or professional advice and is for information only. If you have any health problems or questions please consult your doctor.
Vaginal Cancer is a cancer in the tissues of the vagina. The vagina is a muscular tube that extends from the opening of the uterus (called the cervix) to the external part of a woman’s sex organs (the vulva). The vagina can also be called the birth canal.
There are two main types of vaginal cancer:
The two main primary vaginal cancers are named after the cells from which they develop:
Other, rarer, vaginal cancer types include:
Symptoms of vaginal cancer can include:
Please remember that cancer of the vagina is rare so if you have any of these symptoms, they are likely to stem from another health condition. However, it is important to consult a doctor if you are concerned.
The best treatment depends on:
The two main ways of treating cancer of the vagina are radiotherapy and surgery. Chemotherapy might be used alongside radiotherapy. Having chemotherapy on its own for vaginal cancer is not likely, but the oncologist may suggest it depending on the situation.
There are several different surgery options for vaginal cancer. These include:
1 in 4
women will be diagnosed with cancer before the age of 75
of women aged 50–74 participated in breast screening programs
is the estimated 5-year survival rate for women with cancer
Together we can change the statistics and
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Cancer in Australia 2017, Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
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